The History of the Internet - Part II
1989 came the birth of the World Wide Web.
was proposed by scientists meeting in CERN, Conseil
Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire, or later known as European
proposed to have a system by which computing resources
could be interlinked to provide a network, through which information
exchanged by means of a Client Server model.
modern terms, the Server, is the Web server, which serves
the web page, and the Client is the Browser in the end user's computer.
network on which this was to be accomplished later came
to be known as the INTERNET.
was the successor of ARPANET.
1991, Tim Berners-Lee conceived the actual World Wide
Web, as we know today.
believed in having information in hypertext form, in
interconnected computers, and whenever a user clicked on the
information would be delivered to them, from the interconnected
required a new protocol, as TCP/IP was not adequate.
was born the 'Hyper Text Transmission Protocol', or
HTTP as it is popularly known today.
Berners-Lee envisioned to use hypertext as a model to
deliver a variety of information interlinked,
to clients through an interface known as a browser.
conceptualized the browser, as a tool in the end user
machine, which would take the given code and data, and then display it
user, in an human understandable form.
formed the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), in 1994, with
a center in MIT, INRIA in France
and in Keio University
consortium was composed of physicists and academics,
initially, and later by companies and organizations, which were
the development of the internet.
would discuss various issues like protocols, standards, and
the language modality, and then come to consensus about standards.
thus was born the HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol),
and HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), the language of the Web.
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol was a means by which
servers (Web servers) could communicate with clients (browsers) and
using the Hypertext model, termed as web pages.
Hyper Text Markup Language, popularly known as HTML, was
born as the language for designing and building web pages.
was a language, which consisted of Tags, and the data was
embedded in between the Tags.
web pages would be stored in different machines, and the
Web Server, in each of the machine, would deliver the web pages to the
machine, which requested it.
Web Browser, would take the HTML page, that was delivered,
and interpret and render it, with the contents in a human readable and
W3C was the agency which set the INTERNET standards.
few years they would release newer versions of HTML and its