History of SEO - Part I
World wide web is generally accepted
to have been born around 1989.
It was proposed by scientists meeting in CERN, Conseil Europeen pour la
Recherche Nucleaire, or later known as European Laboratory for Particle
They proposed to have a system by which computing
resources could be interlinked to provide a network, through which
information could be exchanged by means of a Client Server model.
The network on which this was to be accomplished later came to be known
as the internet. It was earlier known as ARPANET.
And this whole system came to be known as the World Wide Web.
It was first proposed by Berners-Lee, who envisioned to use hypertext
as a model to deliver a variety of information interlinked, to
clients through an interface known as a browser.
He formed the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), in 1994, with a center
in MIT, INRIA in France and in Keio University in Japan.
The consortium was composed of physicists and academics, initially, and
later by companies and organizations, which were interested in the
development of the internet.
They discussed various issues
like protocols, standards, and the language modality, and then came to
consensus about standards.
And thus was born the HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), and HTML
(Hyper Text Markup Language), the language of the Web.
The Hyper Text Transfer Protocol was a means by which servers (Web
servers) could communicate with clients (browsers) and serve pages
using the Hypertext model, termed as web pages.
companies like Netscape Communications and Microsoft jumped to the WWW
band wagon and built client browsers to view information gleaned from
the web server.
The initial browsers in the early days of the internet were Mosaic,
Erwise, Cello, Viola and others.
They were popular, but with the advent of the Netscape's Navigator and
Microsoft's Internet Explorer, people started using them, and they
gained in popularity and then became widespread.
In the early days of the internet, there were very few search engines
One of the first search engine was known as the World Wide Web
Wanderer, in 1993.
It used to crawl over the nascent web, and index some thousands of
Then in 1994, came Lycos, which was started as a project by Carnegie Mellon University, and Yahoo, which was formed by two
Stanford University Ph.D students, David Filo and Jerry Yang.
Yahoo and Lycos were directories, as well as search engines.
They were the first major search engines to come on the internet
People used to submit their websites to them and they were indexed
within half a day and was available in the search results.
Search engines were soon becoming popular, and was getting to be a hub,
to where most people began their internet web browsing.
and more people, especially new comers to the web, were starting their
internet experience from the search engine portals.
Webmasters, in those early days, knew that submitting their pages to
all the known search engines, were a sure way of increasing their
visibility, and of gaining increased traffic.
So it was submission, in those days.
It was also submission spamming, as there were some who believed, that
the more times one submits their pages to all the search engines, the
greater was their chances of being in the top rankings.
And their belief was justified to some extent, before the search
engines realized this flaw, and changed their techniques.